[Part 1] How will social systems change with AI? (First half)
[Part 2] How will social systems change with AI? (Second half)
[Part 3] How do we handle the asymmetric nature of cyberspace and the real world?
Astro Boy and postal codes as the first contact point with AI
My name is Yukinobu Maruyama, Head of Design at Research & Development Group, Hitachi. I will be the host of this dialogue. Today's topic is "Can AI connect cyberspace and the real world?" Today's first guest is Mr. Hiroto Kobayashi from INFOBAHN Inc. Mr. Kobayashi has experienced and spoken about the interaction of advanced technology and society at the forefront of media. Our second guest is Tatsuhiko Kagehiro, who has been involved in AI development at Hitachi for many years.
My name is Hiroto Kobayashi, the co-founder of INFOBAHN Inc. I am currently the Chairman and CVO (Chief Visionary Officer) of INFOBAHN Inc. Before establishing the company in 1994, I launched "WIRED Japan magazine," the Japanese edition of the American technology and culture publication "WIRED" and worked as the editor in chief. I was in charge of reporting trends during the dawn of the internet, which back then was called the "IT Revolution." I founded INFOBAHN Inc. with the goal of supporting corporate digital communication. The company currently owns a subsidiary that runs online media and e-commerce. It focuses on online media such as "Gizmodo Japan" and "Business Insider Japan." As well, I've been helping companies and municipalities with innovation over the last decade or more. Since 2016, I am also the official Japanese partner of TOA (Tech Open Air), a technology conference that has been taking place in Berlin.
My name is Tatsuhiko Kagehiro. I am the Director of the Advanced AI Innovation Center of Research & Development Group, Hitachi, Ltd. I joined the company in 1994 and took part in the research and development of mainly image recognition processing, pattern recognition and machine learning technologies.
For you two, what was your first interaction with AI?
During my years at WIRED, I had the chance to interview people such as Marvin Minsky (*1), who later came to be known as the "father of artificial intelligence," and knowing Daniel Hillis, a researcher from the younger generation who studied from Minsky and specializes in the study of parallel distributed processing (*2). It was certainly the early days of AI. At that time, I asked Dr. Minsky "If there will come a time when we can actually create robots like Astro Boy? " He replied "That's just not possible." I remember him saying "It's a devil of a job to teach common sense to AI. We need a database of common sense."
*1 Marvin Lee Minsky (1927-2016). An American computer scientist and a cognitive scientist.
*2 A method where you segmentalize a specific process within a computer into several small independent processes and put them in action simultaneously over multiple processors.
When I joined Hitachi, the Japanese postal code was shifting from 5 digits to 7 digits. So the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications at that time decided to replace the old mail sorting machines with new ones which read addresses written on the mail with a technology called "Optical Character Recognition (OCR)." For this project, I studied cognitive algorithms. It was my first encounter with AI in business for the company and myself. Later on, we developed a technology where one takes a picture of a printed URL with a camera before visiting the site with Mr. Maruyama. Mr Maruyama was a designer who was working on developing the concept of interface technology back then. We studied together and were able to create a prototype. It was a proposal to support text entry using the camera as a sensor, during a time when cell phones with cameras didn't exist.
The composition of "AI vs AI"
As you have those backgrounds, I would like to pose my first question to you both. "Now that AI is becoming a part of our lives, how will social systems change?" When we hear the words "social systems," we tend to think about infrastructures such as railroad and energy, but I think they actually refer to a larger social operation system that also include journalism, tax, and laws. Mr. Kobayashi, what do you think?
First of all, I would like to introduce you to a writing engine called "Wordsmith", which automatically generates articles from data. It was developed by a company named Automated Insights. Wordsmith was originally intended to be used to automatically create and send revenue reports and profit and loss reports that investment trusts managing companies were sending to clients every month. By entering the data, you can automatically create an article whose quality is nearly equivalent to that of one written by a human. So in the United States, it is used to generate simple articles—such as sports match results or changes in stock prices—for online news sites.
Other than this, there are other writing engine that write down not only articles but also recommendations for headings and website concepts. For example, all articles on Wordflow AI Articles are generated by a writing engine called Wordflow AI. And actually, all of the news is made up.
Along with the birth of such writing engines, AI which analyzes whether the news written by AI is fake or not is being introduced as well. In the field of journalism at least, I think the time of "AI vs AI" will come, sooner or later.
The composition of "AI vs AI" is happening in the field of image recognition too. Let's take the Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) as an example. GANs are an algorithm of a repetitive study where you order one AI to create an image that is similar to the real object, and order another AI to detect it. GANs are already being used in various fields and I think the composition of "AI vs AI" will become more and more common.
Co-founder, Chairman and CEO and Chief Visionary Officer of INFOBAHN Inc.
Hiroto Kobayashi has published various print and digital media including the Japanese edition of "WIRED" and "Gizmodo Japan." In 1998, he founded INFOBAHN Inc., a company that supports corporate digital communications, and has pioneered the fields of content marketing and owned media. He currently supports digital transformation and innovation implementation of companies and municipalities. He is the author of publications such as "After GAFA: The Future Map of a Decentralizing World" (Kadokawa), "Rise of Corporate Generated Media" (Gijutsu-Hyoron Co., Ltd.). He also supervised or wrote a commentary for books such as "Free," "Share," "Public" (NHK Publishing, Inc.) and many more.
Director, Advanced AI Innovation Center, Research & Development Group, Hitachi, Ltd. Doctor of Engineering.
Tatsuhiko Kagehiro specializes in image recognition processing, pattern recognition and machine learning. After joining Hitachi, he headed the research and development of video surveillance systems and media processing technologies for industries at the Central Research Laboratory. He was a visiting scholar at the University of Surrey in 2005. Since 2015, he has taken part in Hitachi’s humanoid robot, Emiew project at the Global Center for Social Innovation (CSI). In 2017, he took office as the Department Manager of the Media Intelligent Processing Research Department. He took up his current position in 2020. He is a visiting associate professor at the University of Tsukuba Graduate School of Integrative and Global Majors, Empowerment Informatics Program. He is a member of the Information Processing Society of Japan and the Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers.
Yukinobu Maruyama, host
Head of Design, Global Center for Social Innovation – Tokyo, Research & Development Group, Hitachi, Ltd.
After joining Hitachi, Yukinobu Maruyama built his career as a product designer. He was involved in the foundation of Hitachi Human Interaction Laboratory in 2001 and launched the field of vision design research in 2010 before becoming laboratory manager of the Experience Design Lab UK Office in 2016. After returning to Japan, he worked in robotics, AI, and digital city service design before being dispatched to Hitachi Global Life Solutions, Inc. to promote a vision-driven product development strategy. He is also involved in developing design methodology and human resource education plan. He took up his current position in 2020.